Periodontal care often addresses gum disease and the effects it can have on gums, teeth, and overall health. It can also address compromised jawbone tissue. Our dentists provide comprehensive periodontal care at our Missouri City, TX, office to treat gum disease at any stage and restore periodontal health. Numerous studies have linked gum disease to other serious physical health problems, so seeking treatment is critical to your overall health. If you have swollen or bleeding gums, you may have gum disease. Promptly addressing gum disease can prevent worsening conditions and the need for other costly procedures in the future.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease can stem from a variety of different causes. While some of these factors are in your control—such as oral hygiene—many others are not:
- Poor Oral Hygiene: Failing to brush and floss every day leads to a buildup of plaque and tartar. This buildup can lead to gingivitis, which is the first stage of gum disease. Even if you do brush and floss regularly, failing to undergo regular professional dental cleanings can also result in gum disease.
- Smoking: Cigarettes and even smokeless tobacco can increase your risk for gum disease.
- Family History: Genetics also play a significant role in your risk for gum disease. If gum disease runs in your family, you are more likely to develop the disease. In such cases, we typically recommend more frequent cleanings and exams to better monitor your periodontal health.
- Medications and Hormones: Certain medications, hormone fluctuations, and certain illnesses can all lead to gum disease. Talk to your dentist about any of these to ensure your gums remain protected.
Diagnosing Gum Disease
There are different stages of gum disease. A simple dental exam can determine if your periodontal health has been compromised. Your doctor will carefully examine your gums and measure the depth of the pockets between your gums and teeth. The pocket depth helps in determining the stage of gum disease. Healthy gums have a pocket depth of one to three millimeters. Pocket depths more than five millimeters are typically indicative of gum disease. Your doctor may also take x-rays to confirm the diagnosis and view any potential bone loss.
Numerous studies have linked gum disease to other serious physical health problems, so seeking treatment is critical to your overall health.
Gum Disease Treatment Options
Gum disease treatment varies depending on the severity of the condition. When detected in its earliest stage, we can treat gingivitis with non-surgical treatments. In some cases, a professional cleaning and topical antibiotics are all that is necessary. Other non-surgical treatments include a deep cleaning known as scaling and root planing. This procedure eliminates the plaque and tartar from below the gumline. It also smooths the bone to prevent future buildup of bacteria. In more advanced cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove all traces of infection and reduce the pockets.
Importance of Periodontal Care
Your periodontal health affects your overall physical health. Research has linked gum disease to other serious conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and more. By seeking early treatment when you notice signs of gum disease, you significantly reduce your risk of other, more serious health problems.
Learn More about Periodontal Care
If you have any signs of gum disease, such as swollen, red, or bleeding gums, contact our office right away to schedule an appointment. Our experienced doctors can evaluate your smile and make any necessary recommendations to help improve the state of your oral health.